Can Improving Working Partnerships with Primary Care Prevent Avoidable Emergency Admissions for Patients with Lung Cancer? (2018)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
Morley J.; Anderson V.; Beattie V.; Clayton K.; Denby D.; Eaton M.; Glover S.; Griffiths A.; Maddock N.; *McAdam J.; Morgan S.; Rees P.; Perkins T.; Phillips S.; Pugh B.; Roberts J.; Robinson W.; Rose P.

Citation:
Journal of Thoracic Oncology; Oct 2018; vol. 13 (no. 10)

Abstract:
Background: A literature search was performed. Primary Care Professionals (PCP’S) and National Lung Cancer Forum for Nurses (NLCFN) members were surveyed. Patients with a known diagnosis of lung cancer and their carers were interviewed following emergency care admissions. Lung Cancer Nurse Specialists (LCNS) from 15 NHS Trusts/Health Boards (HB) throughout the United Kingdom participated in data collection between May and August 2017. Method: A literature search (CINAHL, Embase, Proquest, PubMed, Medline) was performed. 120 PCP’s from 7 CCG’s/HB were surveyed to ask how and why they would contact a LCNS; any difficulties experienced contacting a LCNS and what support the LCNS could provide. 86 (72%) responded. 27 patients and their carers from 5 NHS/HB who were admitted as an emergency with a symptom related to their lung cancer were interviewed by a LCNS. A questionnaire was sent to all NLCFN members, asking “What do you do in your current practice to help prevent avoidable emergency hospital attendances?” Result: There was no published literature specific to the project aim. 46 (53%) PCP’s knew how to contact the LCNS, 24 (28%) did not and 16 (19%) were unaware the service existed. PCP’s reported that the LCNS could improve communication and provide education and specialist advice to help reduce avoidable emergency admissions. Following review by the LCNS, 25 (92%) of emergency admissions were deemed necessary. 2 (8%) patients contacted 999, with the rest seeking advice from the LCNS, Acute Oncology Service or GP prior to admission. 282 NLCFN members were surveyed with 59 respondents. Findings highlighted wide variations in practice, although a number of common themes were evident. Proactive communication with patients and HCP’s and timely referrals and signposting were key to identifying and addressing potential problems as early as possible. Conclusion: This small data sample suggests that patients were admitted appropriately. The NLCFN survey highlighted the role of the LCNS in providing expert specialist knowledge and advice to patients and Health Care Professionals throughout the patients journey. PCP’s expressed that they would like to know more about the role of the LCNS
and would value better means of communication, advice and specialist support to improve patient care.

Management and outcomes of patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and synchronous brain metastases: A multicentre retrospective review (2017)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
Cook M.; *Allos B.; O’Beirn M.; Jegannathen A.; Denley S.; Homer K.; Sabel L.; *Chatterjee A.; Koh P.

Citation:
Lung Cancer; Jan 2017; vol. 103, Supplement 1, Page S12

Abstract:
Introduction: 10-20% of patients presenting with NSCLC have synchronous brain metastases, conferring a 4.8 month median survival. Recently published QUARTZ trial data challenges the use of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in older inoperable patients. We present a multicentre retrospective review of the management and survival outcomes of newly diagnosed NSCLC patients with synchronous brain metastases in the Greater Midlands. Methods: Patients diagnosed with NSCLC and synchronous brain metastases January 2014 to June 2015 were identified from five regional hospital lung multidisciplinary meetings. Data collected included patient demographics, performance status (PS), staging, histology, number/volume of brain metastases, initial management, subsequent therapeutic strategy and outcomes. Results: Of 758 newly presenting metastatic lung cancer patients identified, 51(6.7%) had biopsy-proven NSCLC and brain metastases, with demographic, diagnostic and management information presented below (Table 1). 35/51 (69%) patients presented symptomatically as inpatients. Median overall survival (OS) of all patients was 3.4 (range 0.4-41.6) months. In PS 0/1 patients, those age <60 had OS of 7.4 (1.6-32.2) months compared with 13.4 (0.9-30.5) months in patients age >=60. Of those receiving best supportive care (BSC), OS was 1.7 (0.4-3.0) months. Patients receiving initial WBRT had OS of 3.5 (0.8-32.2) months, with those surviving >12 months also receiving  systemic therapy. Patients receiving surgery then WBRT had OS of 6.8 months. Patients with EGFR/ALK sensitising tumours had notably increased median OS of 16.5 months. 83.3% received tyrosine kinase inhibitors after initial WBRT. (Table presented) Conclusion: NSCLC patients presenting with synchronous brain metastases have overall poor prognoses regardless of treatment strategy, in keeping with previously published data. Selected patients, namely those with low volume intracranial disease and good PS suitable for neurosurgery/systemic therapy, or those with sensitising mutations had improved outcomes regardless of age. Our data reiterates that careful and timely patient selection is imperative prior to consideration of aggressive  local and systemic therapy or WBRT as opposed to BSC.