Incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting following gynecological laparoscopy: A comparison of standard anesthetic technique and propofol infusion (2016)

Type of publication:
Journal article

Bhakta P., Ghosh B.R., Singh U., Govind P.S., Gupta A., Kapoor K.S., *Jain R.K., Nag T., Mitra D., Ray M., Singh V., Mukherjee G.

Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica, March 2016(no pagination)

Objective: To determine the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of propofol-based anesthesia in gynecological laparoscopies in reducing incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting compared to a standard anesthesia using thiopentone/isoflurane. Design: Randomized single-blind (for anesthesia techniques used) and double-blind (for postoperative assessment) controlled trial. Setting: Operation theater, postanesthesia recovery room, teaching hospital. Patients: Sixty ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) I and II female patients (aged 20-60 years) scheduled for gynecological laparoscopy were included in the study. Interventions: Patients in Group A received standard anesthesia with thiopentone for induction and maintenance with isoflurane-fentanyl, and those in Group B received propofol for induction and maintenance along with fentanyl. All patients received nitrous oxide, vecuronium, and neostigmine/glycopyrrolate. No patient received elective preemptive antiemetic, but patients did receive it after more than one episode of vomiting. Measurements: Assessment for incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting as well as other recovery parameters were carried out over a period of 24 hours. Main Results: Six patients (20%) in Group A and seven patients (23.3%) in Group B experienced nausea. Two patients (6.66%) in Group B had vomiting versus 12 (40%) in Group A (p . <. 0.05). Overall, the incidence of emesis was 60% and 30% in Groups A and B, respectively (p . <. 0.05). All patients in Group B had significantly faster recovery compared with those in Group A. No patient had any overt cardiorespiratory complications. Conclusion: Propofol-based anesthesia was associated with significantly less postoperative vomiting and faster recovery compared to standard anesthesia in patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopy.

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