A “systems medicine” approach to the study of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (2016)

Type of publication:
Journal article

Author(s):
Petta, Salvatore; Valenti, Luca; Bugianesi, Elisabetta; Targher, Giovanni; *Bellentani, Stefano ; Bonino, Ferruccio; Special Interest Group on Personalised Hepatology of the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver (AISF), Special Interest Group on Personalised Hepatology of the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver AISF (2016)

Citation:
Digestive and Liver Disease, Mar 2016, vol. 48, no. 3, p. 333-342

Abstract:
The prevalence of fatty liver (steatosis) in the general population is rapidly increasing worldwide. The progress of knowledge in the physiopathology of fatty liver is based on the systems biology approach to studying the complex interactions among different physiological systems. Similarly, translational and clinical research should address the complex interplay between these systems impacting on fatty liver. The clinical needs drive the applications of systems medicine to re-define clinical phenotypes, assessing the multiple nature of disease susceptibility and progression (e.g. the definition of risk, prognosis, diagnosis criteria, and new endpoints of clinical trials). Based on this premise and in light of recent findings, the complex mechanisms involved in the pathology of fatty liver and their impact on the short- and long-term clinical outcomes of cardiovascular, metabolic liver diseases associated with steatosis are presented in this review using a new “systems medicine” approach. A new data set is proposed for studying the impairments of different physiological systems that have an impact on fatty liver in different subsets of subjects and patients. Copyright © 2015 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.