Uptake of influenza vaccination as a preventive health care strategy (2019)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
*Ibrahim J.; *Ali J.; *Ali A.; *Makan A.; *Crawford E.; *Ahmad N.; *Srinivasan K.; *Moudgil H.

Citation:
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine; May 2019; vol. 199 (no. 9)

Abstract:
Introduction: Whether our local Health Care Economy is adequately prepared with uptake of targeted preventative strategies of seasonal influenza vaccination for the consequential burden on secondary health care is poorly documented. Auditing patients admitted acutely through our Acute Medical Unit, objectives were to (1) provide a point prevalence measure to the uptake of influenza vaccine among patients stratified by at risk groups, and (2) document reasons for nonadherence to current recommendations. Method(s): Auditing on three alternate days during one week in January 2018 coinciding with peak season for influenza, adult patients (>16yrs) acutely admitted were categorized and individually questioned using National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines for “immunization against Seasonal Influenza” as a benchmark identifying targeted strategies by clinical risk grouping: Group A was based on age years, and Group B on those below this age but with defined clinical risks. Comparative but surrogate standards for the groups were adopted from World Health Organization (WHO) targets and from Public Health England for uptake achievements by patients under local General Practitioners (GPs) in the West Midlands (WM) region. This audit did not consider the impact of vaccination on illness. Result(s): 120/136 (88.2%) admitted patients were audited; of these 75/120 (62.5%) had been vaccinated. Comparisons with standards adopted are shown in figure 1. Featured among 37.5% not vaccinated were GP appointments (60%), allergy (24%), low risk (9%) and mis-trust (7%). At risk groups were chronic respiratory (32%), cardiac (19%), neurological (14%) disease and diabetes (12%), cancer (7%), and others (16%). Conclusion(s): Among those admitted to secondary care, local Health Care Economy (figure 1) fall short of adopted standards from the WHO and regionally for WM region for Group A but with better figures for Group B comparing regionally, and (2) identify access at local GPs as among primary reasons for non-uptake of vaccination. (Figure Presented).

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