Impact of gastrografin in clinical practice in the management of small bowel obstruction of various etiologies (2020)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
*Karim M.O.; *Jamshed M.H.

Citation:
British Journal of Surgery; Jun 2020; vol. 107 ; p. 204

Abstract:
Aim: Gastrografin has shown to accelerate the resolution of small bowel obstruction of certain etiologies. This audit aims to review the outcome of oral gastrografin (OG) in patients with the small bowel obstruction of diverse causes diagnosed on radiological investigation.
Method(s): A retrospective study of 57 patients who had oral gastrograffin for small bowel obstruction
between 1st June 2018 to 30th June 2019 was included in this study.
Result(s): After excluding 9 patients, 48 included in the study who met the inclusion criterion. 31 patients had adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO), of these symptoms resolved in 52% after OG, all patients with postoperative ileus (9), Crohn’s stricture (3) and constipation with small bowel dilatation (1) showed resolution of obstructive symptoms with oral gastrografin. 2 patients out of 3 with serosal/peritoneal metastasis showed response to oral gastrografin.
Conclusion(s): Gastrografin is beneficial and safe to use as a therapeutic agent in a carefully selected patient with certain GI conditions including adhesive small bowel obstruction, postoperative ileus, Crohn’s stricture, constipation, serosal metastasis (peritoneal cancer). Appropriate use of gastrografin can reduce the need for surgical intervention and hospital stay.

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