Reduction in rates of reversal of temporary stoma after anterior resection, another building crisis post COVID-19? (2022)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

*Chang J.; *Rajalingam V.; *Dowdeswell M.; *Ball W.

Colorectal Disease. Conference: Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland Annual Meeting. Edinburgh United Kingdom. 24(Supplement 2) (pp 77), 2022. Date of Publication: September 2022.

Purpose: Diverting loop-ostomies are sometimes formed in patients undergoing resection for rectal cancer with primary anastomosis. Timing to reversal is commonly reported between 3-6 months of original surgery, with longstanding issues of delays secondary to low-surgical prioritisation. Our retrospective study over a 5-year period aims to understand the effect on timing to reversal of the COVID-19 pandemic. Method(s): All patients undergoing resection for rectal cancer were identified from the Hospital Episode Statistics data between 01.01.2018 and 01.07.2021. Data was then cross-referenced with patients undergoing reversal surgery. Demographics, time to surgery, length of stay and post-operative morbidity data were collected. <br/>Result(s): There were 262 anterior resections performed. 192 patients had resection with primary anastomosis (PA): 85 had formation of loop ileostomy, 23 formation of loop colostomy. Results before March 2020: 65 resections with PA and ileostomy. 34 (52.3%) reversed with median time to reversal of 266 days, (range 98-1015). 16 resections with PA and colostomy. 7 reversed (44%), median time to reversal 476 days (range 104-768). Results after March 2020: 20 resections with PA and loop-ileostomy. 3 have been reversed (15%), with median time to reversal of 211 days, (range 103-449). 7 resections with PA and colostomy, none reversed. Showing reduction in overall stoma-reversal in the post pandemic period (p = 0.000297). Conclusion(s): We will experience ongoing conflicts with prioritisation of caseloads as the ongoing effects of COVID continue. This is the time for novel solutions to a building crisis, such as ring-fenced lists or same-day surgery with ambulatory follow-up.

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