Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: Case Presentation With Tetraparesis and Cardiac Dysrhythmia (2022)

Type of publication:Journal article

Author(s):*Dosu A; *Gupta M; *Walsh O; *Makan J

Citation:Cureus, 2022 Sep 29; Vol. 14 (9), pp. e29759

Abstract:Thyrotoxic hypokalaemic periodic paralysis (THPP) is a rare complication of hyperthyroidism that is potentially life-threatening if not treated promptly. It is more common in Asian and Polynesian populations and very few cases have been reported to date in people of White ethnicity. We present a case report of a young male patient of White ethnicity, who was initially brought in as a stroke alert with tetraparesis which was ruled out on initial assessment, but then had a syncopal episode and was noted to be initially bradycardic and subsequently tachycardic. Blood tests showed hypokalaemia and hypophosphataemia and he was treated as a hypokalaemic periodic paralysis patient. Intravenous potassium replacement was commenced. Symptoms and ECG changes resolved with correction of potassium levels. Thyroid function tests requested later were suggestive of hyperthyroidism and the diagnosis of thyrotoxic hypokalaemic periodic paralysis was made. This is an interesting case given its rarity, and this case report highlights the importance of early diagnosis and prompt treatment.

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