The Effects of Vitamin D on Markers of Glucose and Obesity in Postmenopausal Women: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials (2023)

Type of publication:Systematic Review

Author(s):Hao, Lei; Lu, Aiyangzi; Gao, Hui; Niu, Jianfei; Prabahar, Kousalya; *Seraj, Shaikh Sanjid; Pan, Yongmei.

Citation:Clinical Therapeutics. 2023 Aug 17. [epub ahead of print]

Abstract:PURPOSE: The effect of vitamin D effect on glucose markers and obesity in postmenopausal women remains controversial. The current literature contains little information on vitamin D dosage and duration for optimal efficacy in postmenopausal women. This meta-analysis was undertaken to assess the impact of vitamin D on glucose markers and obesity in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A number of databases were used dated up to January 5, 2023, with no language restrictions (PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus). Treatment response from baseline was estimated from the mean within-group analysis, and SDs were used to calculate the treatment response. FINDINGS: Nine eligible articles with 12 comparisons qualified for the final quantitative analysis. An overall decrease was noted in fasting blood glucose (weighted mean difference [WMD], -3.56 mg/dL; 95% CI, -5.49 to -1.64; P < 0.001), homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (WMD, -1.168 mm; 95% CI, -2.001 to -0.33; P = 0.006), insulin (WMD, -2.26 units; 95% CI, -4.35 to -0.18; P = 0.033), and glycosylated hemoglobin (WMD, -0.41%; 95% CI, -0.54 to -0.29; P < 0.001) after vitamin D administration in postmenopausal women. In subgroup analyses, a notable decrease in fasting blood glucose was detected when the intervention course was >6 months and dosage <=1000 IU/d (WMD, -3.48 mg/dL). The present study showed that vitamin D was not associated with body mass index, body weight, or waist circumference in postmenopausal women. IMPLICATIONS: Vitamin D is beneficial for glucose markers but not obesity in postmenopausal women. An individualized dosage regimen of vitamin D should be followed depending on the clinical outcome target of postmenopausal women.