The Perils of Riding Motocross: A Summary of this Extensive, Prospective Study (2023)

Type of publication:Journal article

Author(s):Hay B; *Singh R; Hay S

Citation:Indian Journal of Orthopaedics. 1-6, 2023 Feb 07

Abstract:Background: Motocross is a high-risk form of motorbiking where serious injuries occur regularly, although little data have been collected to illustrate this relationship. Over 5 years, teams from RJAH Oswestry and RSH sought to demonstrate the impact of Motocross on orthopaedic presentation and workload. Method: Data were collected prospectively over 5 years including 615 orthopaedic injuries associated with both recreational and competitive motocross. Results: An increase in injury and operation frequency was observed, young males were identified as the highest risk participant. This was evident over winter and weekends, during the competitive racing season. A variety of injuries have been implicated, some with life threatening or disabling consequences. Conclusion: Motocross has seen exponential growth in popularity with increases in injuries and operations. This implicates major impacts on finances and healthcare, especially at times of seasonal vulnerability. The authors encourage event organisers to explore the avenues of rider safety in this increasingly popular sport.

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An internal pilot study of a novel rectal mucocellular sampling device to allow next-generation sequencing for colorectal disease (2022)

Type of publication:
Journal article

Humphrey H.N.; Diodato A.; Isner J.-C.; Walker E.; *Lacy-Colson J.; Nedjai B.; Daniels I.R.; McDermott F.D.; Walker E.T.; Battersby N.J.; Sisodia H.; Rottenburg H.; Cunningham C.; Bird S.; Jones G.A.R.; Wise D.; Spencer S.J.;

Techniques in Coloproctology. 27(3):227-235, 2023 Mar.

Background: The ORI-EGI-02 study was designed to test the hypothesis that rectal mucus collected using a novel rectal sampling device (OriColTM), contains sufficient human deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of the required quality for Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), for colorectal disease genetic signature discovery. Method(s): Using National Institute for Health and Care Research methodology, an internal pilot study was performed in January 2020-May 2021, at four sites in the United Kingdom, to assess the process of recruitment, consent, specimen acquisition and viability for analysis. Following an OriColTM test, the sample was stabilized with a buffer solution to preserve the material, which was posted to the laboratory. Samples were processed using QIAamp DNA Blood Midi kit to extract DNA and Quant-iTTM PicoGreen dsDNA Reagent to quantify the retrieved DNA. DNA integrity was measured by Agilent TapeStation system. 25 ng of human amplifiable DNA was prepared for Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), which was performed on an Illumina NextSeq550 sequencer using the 300-cycle high output kit v2.5.
Result(s): This study assessed the first 300 patients enrolled to the ORI-EGI-02 Study (n = 800). 290/300 (96.67%) were eligible to undergo OriColTM sampling procedure and 285/290 (98.27%) had a successful OriColTM sample taken. After transportation, extraction and quantification of DNA, 96.20% (279/290) of the samples had NGS successfully performed for bioinformatic analysis. Conclusion(s): Our internal pilot study demonstrated that the OriColTM sampling device can capture rectal mucus from unprepared bowel in subjects who could undergo a digital rectal examination. The technique could be applied irrespective of age, frailty, or co-morbidity. Completion of the study to 800 patients and analysis of NGS data for colorectal cancer mutations will now proceed.

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