Practice pattern variability in the management of acute severe colitis: A UK provider survey (2019)

Type of publication:
Journal article

Author(s):
Sebastian S.; Lisle J.; Subramanian S.; Dhar A.; Shenoy A.; Limdi J.; *Butterworth J.; Allen P.B.; Samuel S.; Moran G.; Shenderey R.; Parkes G.; Raine T.; Lobo A.J.; Kennedy N.A.

Citation:
Frontline Gastroenterology; Jul 2020; vol. 11 (no. 4); p. 272-279

Abstract:
Introduction: Lack of comparative trial data on dosing regimens of infliximab in patients with acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC) failing intravenous corticosteroids has resulted in variability of rescue regimes in ASUC with potential impact on clinical outcomes. We aimed to evaluate practice variability and physician perspectives in decision-making with rescue therapy. Methodology: An internet-based survey of members of the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) section of the British Society of Gastroenterology was conducted. The survey evaluated provider characteristics and general practice in the setting of ASUC, followed by a vignette with linked questions.
Result(s): The response rate of the survey was 31% (209/682 IBD section members). 134 (78%) reported they would use standard infliximab dose (5 mg/kg) while 37 (22%) favoured a higher front-loading dose of 10 mg/kg citing low albumin, high C-reactive protein as their reason for their preference. IBD specialists chose the higher front-loading dose more often compared with other gastroenterologists (p=0.01) In the specific case vignette, accelerated induction (AI) was favoured by 51% of the respondents while 25% used the standard induction regime and 19% favoured colectomy. IBD specialists more often favoured AI compared with other gastroenterologists (p=0.03) with the main reason being presence of predictors of low infliximab levels (74%). The reasons cited for favouring standard induction (n=57) included lack of evidence for AI (18), their usual practice (11), unlicensed regime (7), and safety concerns (4).
Conclusion(s): There are significant variations in practice in the use of infliximab rescue therapies with an urgent need for development of care pathways to standardise practice.

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Infliximab induction regimes in steroid refractory acute severe colitis: A multi-centre retrospective cohort study with propensity score analysis (2019)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
Sebastian S.; Myers S.; Syed N.; Argyriou K.; Samuel S.; Moran G.; Martin G.; Allen P.B.; *Los L.; *Butterworth J.; Fiske J.; Limdy J.; Ranjan R.; Dhar A.; Cooper B.; Shenoy A.H.; Patel N.; Subramanian S.; Goodoory V.; Shaikh F.; Shenderey R.; Ching H.L.; Lobo A.; Jayasooriya N.; Parkes G.; Brooks J.; Raine T.

Citation:
Journal of Crohn’s and Colitis; Mar 2019; vol. 13

Abstract:
Background: While infliximab is used as rescue therapy for steroid refractory acute severe colitis (ASUC),
between 30 and 40% of patients do not respond and undergo colectomy. Accelerated induction regimes of
infliximab have been proposed to improve response rates. We aimed to evaluate colectomy rates in steroid
refractory ASUC patients receiving standard induction (SI) vs. accelerated induction (AI) of infliximab.
Method(s): Data collected on hospitalised patients receiving rescue therapy for steroid refractory ASUC. The choice of rescue therapy was at the discretion of the treating clinician. Accelerated induction (AI) was defined as receiving second dose of infliximab within 8 days of first rescue therapy or receiving front loading dose of 10 mg/kg. Our primary outcome was the short-term (in-patient, 30 days and 90 days) colectomy rate. Secondary outcomes were 12-month colectomy rates, length of hospital stay (LOS), and complication rates. We used a propensity score analysis with optimal calliper matching using a priori defined high-risk covariates at the start of rescue therapy (albumin, CRP, CRP-albumin ratio, haemoglobin nadir and pancolitis) to reduce potential provider selection bias.
Result(s): A total of 131 patients receiving infliximab rescue therapy were included, of whom 102 patients
received SI and 29 received AI. There was no difference in age, duration of diagnosis, age at rescue therapy,
Montreal class or use of steroids, 5ASAs or thiopurines prior to index admission. In the unmatched overall
cohort, there was no difference in colectomy during index admission (13% vs. 20%, p = 0.26), 30-day colectomy (18% vs. 20%, p = 0.45), 90-day colectomy (20% vs. 24%, p = 0.38) or 6 month colectomy (25% vs. 27%, p = 0.49). The LOS was shorter in the SI group (14.87 +/- 8.1 days vs. 19.31 +/- 5.8 days, p = 0.007). In patients who underwent colectomy, there were no differences in complications or serious infection rates. In the propensity score-matched cohort of 52 patients, there was no difference in overall colectomy rates between SI and AI groups (57% vs. 31%, p = 0.09), but the index admission colectomy (53% vs. 23%, p = 0.045) and 30-day colectomy (57% vs. 27%, p = 0.048) rates were higher in those receiving SI. There was no significant difference in LOS between SI and AI groups (23.6 +/- 4.3 vs. 18.2 +/- 7.1 days, p = 0.09) or in overall complication and infection rates but there was a mortality in AI group.
Conclusion(s): In this retrospective cohort study, there was no difference in overall colectomy rates in ASUC patients receiving different induction dosing regimens of infliximab. However, using propensity score matching, the short-term colectomy rates appear to be better in those receiving accelerated induction regime. A prospective study to confirm findings is planned.

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