Type of publication:Journal article
Author(s):Bashir M; Jubouri M; *Patel R; Geragotellis A; Tan SZ; Bailey DM; Mohammed I; Velayudhan B; Williams IM
Annals of Vascular Surgery. 94 (pp 38-44), 2023. Date of Publication: August 2023.
Abstract:Introduction: Aortic dissection (AD) is a life-threatening medical emergency that affects an estimated 3-4 people per 100,000 annually, with 40% of cases classified as type B AD (TBAD). TBAD can be further classified as being complicated (co-TBAD) or uncomplicated (un-TBAD) based on the presence or absence of certain features such as malperfusion and rupture. TBAD can be managed conservatively with optimal medical therapy (OMT), or invasively with open surgical repair (OSR) or thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), depending on several factors such as type of TBAD and its clinical acuity. The cost-effectiveness, or cost-benefit profile, of these strategies must be given equal consideration. However, TBAD studies featuring cost analyses are limited within the literature. Aims: This narrative review aims to address the gap in the literature on cost effectiveness of TBAD treatments by providing an overview of cost-analyses comparing OMT with TEVAR in un-TBAD and TEVAR with OSR in co-TBAD. Another aim is to provide a market analysis of the commercially available TEVAR devices. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed using several search engines including PubMed, Ovid, Google Scholar, Scopus and EMBASE to identify and extract relevant studies. Results: Several TEVAR devices are available commercially on the global market costing $12,000-19,495. Nevertheless, the Terumo Aortic RELAY® stent-graft seems to be the most cost-effective, yielding highly favourable clinical outcomes. Despite the higher initial cost of TEVAR, evidence in the literature strongly suggest that it is superior to OMT for un-TBAD on the long-term. In addition, TEVAR is well established in the literature as being gold-standard repair technique for co-TBAD, replacing OSR by offering a more optimal cost-benefit profile through lower costs and improved results. Conclusion: The introduction of TEVAR has revolutionised the field of aortovascular surgery by offering a highly efficacious and long-term cost effective treatment for TBAD.