All sleep and no play? An audit and service evaluation of children undergoing radiological imaging (2022)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

*Muneer K.

Archives of Disease in Childhood. Conference: Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health Conference, RCPCH 2022. Liverpool United Kingdom. 107(Supplement 2) (pp A120-A121), 2022. Date of Publication: August 2022.

Aims The use of sedation in children for radiological imaging is common practice in Paediatrics. However, the risks need to be weighed against the benefits of imaging under sedation. Play therapy has been considered as an alternative to sedation in a cooperative child. This study explored the safety, efficacy and adherence of practice to local trust guidelines for sedation of children (derived from the NICE Sedation under 19s guidelines) and highlighted play therapy as a potential alternative for selected children requiring radiological imaging. Methods Data was gathered retrospectively from a 6 month period with the help of the Trust's medical records department. There were 36 children who underwent sedation for various imaging modalities and 19 children who had imaging done utilising play therapy over the same period. The information gathered from the resources used was collated in an excel database for the purpose of comparative analysis. Results 1. The assignment of patients was based on their clinical presentation, urgency and medical background 2. Children receiving sedation were predominantly below the age of 3 years while those in the play group were between 6-9 years 3. The youngest child to receive sedation was 3 months old and the youngest to have successful MRI using play therapy was 3 years 5 months 4. The success rate of Sedation was 92% vs. 86% for play therapy 5. 83% underwent MRI, 11% DMSA and 6% MAG3 under sedation. 95% had MRI and 5% CT in the play group 6. 14% required a repeat dose of medication for sedation 7. None had complications secondary to sedation 8. One had MRI Head done under sedation and later MRI Spine successfully under play therapy at 3 years 5 months 9. Where all documents were available for analysis, the adherence to local guidelines for sedation was 100% Conclusion 1. Sedation is a safe and effective option available in a DGH setting for young children needing relatively urgent radiological imaging to establish diagnosis where the benefits generally outweigh the risks. 2. Play therapy is a suitable alternative for cooperative children who can be adequately prepared. 3.Healthcare teams and parents need to be made more aware of these options in the future.

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