Reducing intra-hospital telephone communication time using app technology (2020)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
*Hamid M.

Citation:
BMJ Leader. Conference: Leaders in Healthcare Conference 2020. Virtual. 4(Supplement 1) (pp A42), 2020. Date of Publication: November 2020.

Abstract:
Background Lengthy switchboard waiting times result in delayed communication between healthcare professionals in a hospital. Wasted time impedes patient care, costs the Trust a substantial financial sum and impacts healthcare professional's morale. Aim(s): To reduce intra-hospital telecommunication time utilising the Induction phone application, an easy to use, regularly updated telephone directory. Method(s): Initial audit: Five chosen specialities were contacted between 9-10 AM from the Emergency department for 2 consecutive weeks. The time taken to reach each speciality via switchboard was recorded. A survey seeking the number of calls made per day, the preferred method of contact and the feelings associated with telephone waiting times was sent to department doctors. PDSA cycle 1: One-month application advertisement and re-audit. PDSA2: Eye-catching tele-directory board with the most used extensions and bleeps displayed in the department. Satisfaction survey sent post PDSA2. Sustainability: New doctors were provided induction information. Result(s): Initial average waiting time via switchboard was 48 seconds. The average calls made per doctor each day was 12. This calculated to a total departmental loss of 20.16 hours per week waiting on the phone, equating an annual loss of 26, 208. PDSA1: Average waiting times reduced to 12 seconds utilising the application; saving an estimate ~19,656 per annum. PDSA2: Instant availability of contact details on the display board further reduced waiting times to an average 6 seconds. 84% of doctors (n=16) disliked waiting more than 20 seconds, with associated feelings of frustration. 100% preferred the display board, then the use of the application before resorting to switchboard. 100% Sustainability was recorded one year later. Conclusion(s): The use of application technology reduces wasted time which hampers patient care; reduces Trust running costs; and improves health care professional's morale at work.

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Reduction in cardiovascular disease morbidity of men and women with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) associated with availability of high intensity statins: A cohort study using data from the UK Simon Broome Register linked with secondary care records (2021)

Type of publication:Conference abstract

Author(s):Iyen B.; Qureshi N.; Roderick P.; *Capps N.; Durrington P.N.; McDowell I.F.W.; Cegla J.; Soran H.; Schofield J.; Neil H.A.W.; Kai J.; Weng S.; Humphries S.E.

Citation:Atherosclerosis Plus. Conference: HEART UK 34th Annual Medical & Scientific Virtual Conference. Virtual, Online. 43(Supplement) (pp S5), 2021. Date of Publication: September 2021.

Abstract:Background: Previous studies of the Simon Broome (SB) FH register reported that, compared to the low-intensity statin period (1992-2008), the standardised cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality ratio in the high-intensity statin period (2009-2015) was 22% lower in men but 115% higher in women. Linkage of the register with Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) data has now enabled prospective evaluation of CVD morbidity based on inpatient care. Method(s): Standardised Morbidity Ratios (SMbR) compared to age and sex-matched UK primary care patients were calculated [95% confidence intervals] for risk of composite CVD (first HES outcome of CHD, MI, stable or unstable angina, stroke, TIA, PVD, heart failure, PCI and CABG) in men and women under and over the age of 50 years. Result(s): 2,988 (52.5% women) SB register participants had HES records. The SMbR was higher in women than men in both age groups and during both time periods. Compared to 1997-2007, in both men and women aged <50 years the SMbR fell significantly in the 2008-2017 period (8.7[7.3-10.3] vs 17.9[15.7-20.5] and 12.8[10.4-15.7] vs 20.8[17.1-25.4] respectively. By contrast in both sexes in those >50 years in the later time period there was no significant reduction in CVD-admission incidence rates or in SMbR (Men, 6.6[5.3-8.2] vs 5.8[5.0-6.8], Women, 9.2[7.8-10.7] vs 7.5 [6.6-8.5]). Conclusion(s): While the rate of CVD morbidity due to FH has encouragingly fallen significantly over time in both sexes aged <50 years, it has not done so in those >50. This emphasises the importance of early identification and optimal lipid-lowering throughout life for subjects with FH. Funded by the NIHR HTA project 15/134/02 and BHF grants RG3008 and PG008/08.

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Establishment of virtual fracture clinic in Princess Royal Hospital Telford: Experience and recommendations during the first 9 months (2022)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
*Khaleeq T.; *Lancaster P.; *Fakoya K.; *Ferreira P.; *Ahmed U.

Citation:
British Journal of Surgery. Conference: ASiT Surgical Innovation Summit – Future Surgery Show. London United Kingdom. 109(SUPPL 1) (pp i13), 2022. Date of Publication: March 2022.

Abstract:
Introduction: Virtual fracture clinics (VFC) have been shown to be a safe and cost-effective way of managing outpatient referrals to the orthopaedic department. During the coronavirus pandemic there has been a push to reduce unnecessary patient contact whilst maintaining patient safety. Method(s): A protocol was developed by the clinical team on how to manage common musculoskeletal presentations to A&E prior to COVID as part of routine service development. Patients broadly triaged into 4 categories; discharge with advice, referral to VFC, referral to face to face clinic or discussion with on call team. The first 9 months of data were analysed to assess types of injury seen and outcomes. Result(s): In total 2489 patients were referred to VFC from internal and external sources. 734 patients were discharged without follow-up and 182 patients were discharged for physiotherapy review. Only 3 patients required admission. Regarding follow-ups, 431 patients had a virtual follow-up while 1036 of patients required further face to face follow up. 87 patients were triaged into subspecialty clinics. 37 patients were felt to have been referred inappropriately. Conclusion(s): BOA guidelines state all patients must be reviewed within 72 hours of their orthopaedic injury. Implementation of a VFC allows this target to be achieved and at the same time reduce patient contact. Almost half the patients were discharged following VFC review, the remaining patients were followed up. This is especially relevant in the current pandemic where reducing unnecessary trips to hospital will benefit the patient and make the most of the resources available.

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The rise in trauma & orthopaedic trainee-led research and audit collaborative projects in the united kingdom since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. (2022)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
*Khaleeq T.; *Kabariti R.; *Ahmed U.

Citation:
British Journal of Surgery. Conference: ASiT Surgical Innovation Summit – Future Surgery Show. London United Kingdom. 109(SUPPL 1) (pp i13), 2022. Date of Publication: March 2022.

Abstract:
Introduction: There has been a significant rise in trainee-led trauma & orthopaedic (T&O) multi-centre research collaborative projects globally. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, more emphasis has been on global collaborative research efforts to tackle important research questions. The aim was to evaluate the number of T&O trainee-led research collaborative projects that took part since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. Method(s): A retrospective study that evaluated T&O trainee-led national collaborative projects within the UK since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown (March 2020 to June 2021). Our exclusion criteria included any regional collaborative projects, projects that were started pre-COVID and projects of other surgical specialities. The number of projects identified was compared to that in 2019. Result(s): In 2019, 0 trainee-led collaborative projects were commenced nationally in the UK. Since the COVID-19 pandemic, we identified 10 trainee-led collaborative trauma & orthopaedic projects with 3 being published so far. The level of evidence ranged between 3 and 4. Conclusion(s): Covid has placed significant challenges across healthcare. One positive aspect that has been noted is the increase in multi-centre trainee-led collaborative projects within the UK. Our study highlights the feasibility of a trainee-led high quality collaborative research projects in the UK, emphasising the growing contribution of trainees towards research. Wide-spread availability of new technological tools suchas social media and Redcap facilitates such projects in terms of recruitment and data collection. We would, therefore, recommend expanding this trainee-led collaborative platform across in Europe and Worldwide.

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Plain film x-ray reporting in orthopaedic patients: A reaudit in a district general hospital (2022)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
*Khaleeq T.; *Shah Foridi J.; *Reading J.

Citation:
British Journal of Surgery. Conference: ASiT Surgical Innovation Summit – Future Surgery Show. London United Kingdom. 109(SUPPL 1) (pp i13), 2022. Date of Publication: March 2022.

Abstract:
Aim: To assess clinical evaluation of plain film x-rays requested for patients in the orthopaedic department (clinic and ward) Standards: Ionising radiation (medical exposure) regulations irmer 2017 procedure j: recording clinical exposure, national guideline and local guidance is in keeping with irmer and good clinical practice. Method(s): 50 plain films of randomly selected (using random number generator) who had attended new patient fracture clinic and ward. An initial audit was done in June and an reaudit in September. The radiology system, clinical notes and clinic letters were reviewed to obtain the relevant data. Result(s): Audit: 20 films were documented 30 were not documented Reaudit 32 films were documented by referring clinician 18 films were not documented by referring clinician Audit: Clinical evaluation documented 18 Clinical evaluation not documented 32 Reaudit: Clinical evaluation documented – 29 Clinical evaluation not documented – 21 Discussion: Whose responsibility? Radiographs commented on in trauma meetings not documented. New radiographs not commented on in clinic. Limitations – access to more notes from ward. Conclusion(s): As outlined in guidance orthopaedic and fracture clinic plain films should be reported by referring clinician or their team. Currently this is being done 64% of the time, significant improvement was seen. This may have medicolegal consequences as it does not follow GMC guidance for good medical practise. Recommendations: Clinicians to specifically dictate x-ray findings in fracture clinic. Junior staff to take responsibility for documenting x-ray findings as discussed with senior clinicians for trauma patients. Junior staff to review post-op x-rays for all patients and to document.

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Incidence of acute kidney injury in neck of femur fracture patients during the COVID-19 pandemic in Princess Royal Hospital, Telford (2022)

Type of publication:
Conference abstract

Author(s):
Alaguraja P.; Younas W.; Mabeza T.; *Makam A.; *Khaleeq T.; *Reading J

Citation:
British Journal of Surgery. Conference: ASiT Surgical Innovation Summit – Future Surgery Show. London United Kingdom. 109(SUPPL 1) (pp i13), 2022. Date of Publication: March 2022

Abstract:
Aim: Patients undergoing surgical repair of neck-of-femur (NOF) fractures are at higher risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). NICE and BOAST have published guidelines to help prevent the occurrence of AKI, including adequate fluid resuscitation pre- and post-operatively. An audit was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic to explore whether the department was adhering to NICE guidelines. Method(s): AKI was defined, as per NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries, as an increase in serum creatinine levels by 26 mumol/L or greater. Data was collected prospectively starting from December 2020 to February 2021 in the Princess Royal Hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic. All patients with NOFs were included and data on sex, age, comorbidities, and type of surgery were collected. Result(s): In total, 32 patients were included in the audit with an average age of 82 years; of these, eleven patients had dynamic hip screws and eighteen patients had hemiarthroplasties. Five patients had chronic kidney disease, six patients had previous myocardial infarctions and thirteen patients had hypertension. Two patients (6.3%) were found to have an AKI post-surgery with increased creatinine levels of 27 and 28 mumol/L. Both had hypertension and underwent hemiarthroplasties. Conclusion(s): Complications such as AKIs are reversible and preventable. Especially during the COVID-19 pandemic such complications can increase morbidity and mortality of patients suffering from NOF leading to longer hospital stays. The low rate of AKI following NOF repair in our Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic is attributable to adherence to NICE and BOAST fluid resuscitation guidelines.

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A Systematic Review of Long-Distance Triathlon Musculoskeletal Injuries (2022)

Type of publication:Journal article

Author(s):Rhind JH; Dass D; Barnett A; *Carmont M

Citation:Journal of Human Kinetics 2022 Feb 10; Vol. 81, pp. 123-134.

Abstract:The distribution of injuries affecting long-distance triathletes is yet to be fully understood. A systematic review was performed of the clinical literature to determine the epidemiology of musculoskeletal injuries affecting long-distance triathletes. Searched databases in Feb 2020 were PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, EMCARE, and CINHAL databases. Published observational research articles related to the incidence or prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in long-distance triathletes (competing at "Ironman" full distance or greater), written in the English language and not restricted by age or gender or date were eligible. Of the 975 studies identified on the initial search, six studies met the inclusion criteria for analysis. The mean age (SD) of the long-distance triathletes in these studies was 35.1 (2.7) and the range was 21-68 years. Overuse injuries were most frequent with the incidence range of 37-91%, and acute injury incidence range was 24-27%. The knee and spine were the most frequent location of injury. Running and cycling were the most frequently affected disciplines. Elite athletes had a lower incidence of overuse injury (37%). The highest acute injury incidence (27%) was recorded in non-elite athletes. The quality of the studies was relatively poor with only one study satisfying >50% of the quality assessment tool questions and only two studies were prospective, the rest were retrospective cross-sectional studies. Overall, there is a lack of literature reporting on musculoskeletal injuries in long-distance triathletes. Overuse injuries, particularly in the knee, are the most frequently reported, running and cycling are the most frequent disciplines associated. Long-distance triathletes may have a lower incidence of both overuse and acute injuries.

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The global level of harm among surgical professionals during the COVID-19 pandemic: A multinational cross-sectional cohort study (2022)

Type of publication:Journal article

Author(s):Abouelazayem, Mohamed; Viswanath, Yirupaiahgari K S; Bangash, Ali Haider; Herrera Kok, Johnn Henry; Cheruvu, Chandra; Parmar, Chetan; Atici, Semra Demirli; Yang, Wah; Galanis, Michail; Di Maggio, Francesco; Isik, Arda; *Bandyopadhyay, Samik Kumar

Citation:Surgery; Mar 2022 [epub ahead of print]

Abstract:BACKGROUND Health care workers, including surgical professionals, experienced psychological burnout and physical harm during the coronavirus 2019 pandemic. This global survey investigated the coronavirus 2019 pandemic impact on psychological and physical health.
METHODS We conducted a global cross-sectional survey between February 18, 2021 and March 13, 2021. The primary outcome was to assess the psychological burnout, fulfillment, and self-reported physical level of harm. A validated Stanford Professional Fulfilment Index score with a self-reported physical level of harm was employed. We used a practical overall composite level ofharm score to calculate the level of harm gradient 1-4, combining psychological burnout with self-reported physical level of harm score.
RESULTS A total of 545 participants from 66 countries participated. The final analysis included 520 (95.4%) surgical professionals barring medical students. Most of the participants (81.3%)were professionally unfulfilled. The psychological burnout was evident in 57.7% and was significantly common in those <50 years (P = .002) and those working in the public sector (P = .005). Approximately 41.7% of respondents showed changes in the physical health with self-remedy and no impact on work, whereas 14.9% reported changes to their physical health with <2 weeks off work, and 10.1% reported changes in physical health requiring >2 weeks off work. Severe harm (level of harm 4) was detected in 10.6%, whereas moderate harm (level of harm 3) affected 40.2% of the participants. Low and no harm (level of harm 2 and level of harm 1) represented 27.5% and 21.7%, respectively. CONCLUSION Our study showed that high levels of psychological burnout, professional unfulfillment, work exhaustion, and severe level of harm was more frequent in younger professionals working in the public sector. The findings correlated with a high level of harm in surgical professionals impacting surgical services.

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Are we doing enough to prevent colectomy in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients? A 5-year review of colectomy rates in Shropshire and Mid-Wales UK (2015-2019) (2022)

Type of publication:Conference abstract

Author(s):*Javed A.; *Butterworth J.; *Townson G.

Citation:Journal of Crohn's and Colitis; Jan 2022; vol. 16

Abstract:Background: Colectomy for IBD significantly impacts the psycho-social aspects & quality of life.Method(s): Electronic records were retrospectively analysed for colectomy rates & parameters of interest.Result(s): 68 patients (Men 37:Women31), median age 30 years had colectomies. Annual colectomy rates remained constant;7 (2015), 20 (2016), 11 (2017) & (2018) each and 19 (2019). 28% had colectomy within 1 year of diagnosis and only 63% received a biologic agent. Over half, (54%)had emergency surgeries & 37% experienced infections, re-laparotomy and ileus (20% each).Conclusion(s): There is an opportunity to risk-stratify patients at diagnosis based on the risk factors (men, younger age, severe/extensive disease) to a top-down therapy & treat to target strategy to reduce colectomy rates. (Table Presented).

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Global Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Gastric Cancer Treatment: findings from a global cross-sectional multicentre study (GLEOHUG-GC) (2022)

Type of publication:Conference abstract

Author(s):Herrera Kok J.H.; Viswanath Y.K.; Parmar C.; Bangash A.H.; Samaduv E.; Atici S.D.; Cheruvu C.V.; Abouelazayem M.; Yang W.; Galanis M.; Di Maggio F.; Isik A.; *Bandopyadaya S.; Mahawar K.

Citation:European Journal of Surgical Oncology; Feb 2022; vol. 48 (no. 2)

Abstract:Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is the 5th most common malignancy and remains one of the major causes of worldwide cancer-related deaths. COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the provision of cancer care. This study aims to overview the global standpoint of gastric cancer patients (GCP) during the first year of pandemic (PY1).
Material(s) and Method(s): The Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons (TUGS), within its Global Level of Harm Project, designed an online cross-sectional survey to assess how GCP's management changed during PY1. The questionnaire included 33 questions about expertise, kind of health system, hospital organization and screening policies, personal protective equipment (PPE), change in patient's characteristics, preoperative, operative and postoperative management of GCP.Result(s): There were 209 answers from 178 centres (50 countries) around the world. Results of the survey showed: most hospitals (88,2%) had restricted areas for the management of COVID-19 patients; 53,6% of participants were redeployed; most frequent COVID-19 screening methods were PCR (78,8%) and chest CTscan (25,6%), and 55,9% thought there was a lack of PPE. Preoperative management: 43,2% decrease in the number of multidisciplinary teams (MDT) meetings; 28,4% increase in the number of cT2 or higher GCP; 34,7% increase in metastatic (M1) GCP; 26,8% increase in GCP receiving definitive palliative treatment; 23,7% increase in the number of frail patients; 50% increase in waiting list time (WLT); and 41,6% faced problems in the provision of oncological treatment. Operative management: 54,5% decrease in elective gastrectomies; 29,1% increase in the number of urgent/semi-urgent gastrectomies; 37% decrease in the number of minimally invasive gastrectomies (MIG); and 18,5% increase in the number of surgeries with palliative intent. Postoperative management: 16,5% increase in the overall complication rate (OCR); 12,6% increase in the number of Clavien-Dindo 3 or higher complications; 8% increase in the leak rate; increase in pulmonary infections (26,8%) and bowel obstruction (2,4%); 44,5% development of postoperative COVID-19 infection; 15,4% increase in 30-days mortality rate; 23,1% mortality due to COVID-19 infection; 17,6% increase in the need for adjuvant treatment. Most patients were postoperatively assessed either through a face to face consultation or a combination of face to face and remote consultation.
Conclusion(s): COVID-19 pandemic has affected GC management by decreased frequency of MDT's, higher clinical-stage migration and fuelled frailty. The pandemic increased WLT, the number of urgent and palliative surgeries, OCR, Clavien-Dindo 3 or higher complications, leak rate, and pulmonary infections. There was a noticeable high rate of postoperative COVID-19 infection and associated mortality. Further multicentric studies are warranted to affirm these findings.

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