Optimising patients with long-term spinal cord injury for nephrectomy: A review of pre-, peri- and post-operative factors to safeguard outcomes (2020)

Type of publication:
Journal article

Author(s):
*Donati-Bourne J.; *Mohamed W.G.E.; *Pillai P.; *O’Dair J.; Kasmani Z.; Bhatt R.I.

Citation:
Journal of Clinical Urology; 2020 [epub ahead of print]

Abstract:
Objectives: To review the potential challenges a urologist may encounter when embarking on simple/partial/radical nephrectomy in patients with long-term spinal cord injury and propose strategies to pre-empt and manage these.
Material(s) and Method(s): Comprehensive literature review via PubMed, MEDLINE and Google Scholar
searching for relevant scientific articles published to date in English. Recommendations for strategies to safeguard surgical outcomes discussed with a panel of experienced upper-tract urologists.
Result(s): Pre-operative considerations: – urethral assessment via flexible cystoscopy due to higher incidence of urethral pathology in spinal cord injury; – assessing for chronic constipation and distended bowel; and – considering glomerular filtration rate assessment by radio-isotope techniques, such as 51chromium-EDTA Perioperative considerations: – adequate theatre staffing for safe patient transfer; and – planned choice of incision, due to higher incidence of previous abdominal surgery, stoma bags and/or foreign body devices. Post-operative considerations: – ensuring attending medical staff are trained to recognise autonomic dysreflexia; – early remobilisation with physiotherapists experienced in treating spinal cord injury; and – attentive antibiotic stewardship due to higher risk of hospital-acquired or urinary infections
Conclusion(s): Patients with long-term spinal cord injury pose significant potential challenges in the pre-, periand post-operative stages of nephrectomy. Familiarisation and optimisation of such factors is recommended to safeguard outcomes.
Level of Evidence: Not applicable for this multicentre audit.

Spinal Motocross Injuries in the United Kingdom (2018)

Type of publication:
Journal article

Author(s):
*Singh, Rohit; Bhalla, Amit; Ockendon, Matthew; *Hay, Stuart

Citation:
Orthopaedic journal of sports medicine; Jan 2018; vol. 6 (no. 1); p.

Abstract:
Background Motocross is a form of motorcycle racing held on established off-road circuits and has been a recreational and competitive sport across the world for >100 years. In the United Kingdom alone, motocross has grown into a phenomenally ambitious and popular franchise. There are >200 motocross clubs across the country, permitting >900 events annually.PurposeTo assess the current trend of spine-related motocross injuries over the past 5 years.Study DesignDescriptive epidemiology study.MethodsData were prospectively collected over 5 years (August 2010-August 2015) at our regional trauma and spine unit, regardless of whether the rider was performing the sport competitively or recreationally. Results During the study period, spine related injuries were identified for 174 patients (age range, 6-75 years) who were directly referred to our department following recreational or competitive motocross, with most injuries being sustained within the early spring and summer months, representing the start of the motocross season. A significant number of injuries were in males (n = 203, 94%), with the majority of injuries occurring within the 21- to 30-year-old age group. A total of 116 (54%) injuries required operative treatment. The most common spinal injury was thoracolumbar burst fracture (n = 95), followed by chance fractures (n = 26).ConclusionThis data series emphasizes the prevalence and devastation of motocross-related spinal injuries in the United Kingdom and may serve in administering sanctions and guidelines to governing bodies of motocross. The spinal injuries that occur during motocross have significant capital connotations for regional spinal centers. The recent surge in motocross popularity is correlated with the number of injuries, which have increased over the past 5 years by almost 500%.

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