Surgical Fixation of Three- and Four-Part Proximal Humeral Fractures Using the Proximal Humeral Interlocking System Plate (2022)

Type of publication:Journal article

Author(s):Saber AY; Said UN; Abdelmonem AH; Elsayed H; Taha M; Hussein W; *Al-Hashimi K; El-Omar O; Elbeshbeshy M

Citation:Cureus, 2022 May 26; Vol. 14 (5), pp. e25348

Abstract:Introduction The management of proximal humeral fractures ranges greatly from conservative management to surgical treatment. For those fractures requiring surgical treatment, internal fixation is the primary method. The aim of internal fixation is to achieve rigid fracture fixation until union occurs, return of shoulder range of motion, and minimise intra-and postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the Proximal Humeral Interlocking System Plate (PHILOS) used for the treatment of three-and four-part proximal humeral fractures. Materials and methods This study included 30 patients with a mean age of 54 years (range 20-80 years). Results were checked post-operatively with standard radiographs and clinical evaluation according to the Constant-Murley shoulder score. All patients were followed up for 12 months. Results Union was achieved in all patients with a mean neck/shaft angle of 130° (range 108°-150°). The mean Constant-Murley score at the final follow-up was 82.28 (range 67-96) correlating with good results. No patients developed an intraoperative or postoperative vascular injury, wound complications, or avascular necrosis of the humeral head. Conclusion Our study has shown that the surgical treatment of three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures with the use of the PHILOS plate leads to a good functional outcome. It has also demonstrated the PHILOS plate and is an effective system for fracture stabilisation provided the correct surgical technique is used with awareness of potential hardware complications.

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