Interested in doing research? Free training courses available from the WMRTC

The West Midlands Research Training Collaboratives (WMRTC) supports the delivery of high quality clinical research in its member organisations by providing access to research related training activities. These are some of the forthcoming training opportunities – places are free (but note there is a £50 charge for non-attendance).

For more information or to book a place, visit the training calendar.

17 March 2020 PI Oversight Masterclass 5th Floor Seminar Room, Birmingham Women’s Hospital 13.00-16.00
18 March 2020 SoECAT Training Boardroom, CRNWM Offices, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Dr, Birmingham B15 2SQ 10.00-12.30
19 March 2020 Informed Consent Seminar Room, NIHR/Welcome Trust Birmingham CRF, old Queen Elizabeth Hospital 09.30-12.00
23 March 2020 Communication & Consent in a Paediatric Setting Boardroom, CRNWM Offices, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Dr, Birmingham b15 2SQ 13.00-15.30
24 March 2020 PI Oversight Masterclass R&D Management Office, Worcestershire Clinical Research Unit, Newtown Rd, Worcester WR5 1HN 14.00-16.00
24 March 2020 Trial Coordinators Masterclass Humpreys Room, Medical School, University of Birmingham 09.30-12.30
26 March 2020 Introduction to Imaging in Clinical Research Seminar Room, NIHR/Welcome Trust Birmingham CRF, old Queen Elizabeth Hospital 09.30-11.30
31 March 2020 Performing Quality Control Checks to Ensure Accurate Data Collection Boardroom, CRNWM Offices, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Dr, Birmingham b15 2SQ 09.30-12.30
Data Management and Case Report Form (CRF) design, development & completion 13.00-16.00
01 April 2020 Introduction to Clinical Research Lecture Theatre, Education Resource Centre, Birmingham Women’s Hospital. 09.00-16.30
01 April 2020 Site File Management & Delegation of Duties Ward Area, MIDRU, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, Bordesley Green East, Birmingham B9 5SS 09.30-12.00
Informed Consent 13.00-15.30
16 April 2020 PI Essentials 5th Floor Seminar Room, Birmingham Women’s Hospital 13.00-16.00
22 April 2020 Writing SOPs Seminar Room, Wellcome Trust Birmingham CRF, Heritage Building, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham B5 2TH 09.00-11.00
Preparing for Audit & Inspection 11.15-13.15
Monitoring -How to make it pain freee (well almost!) 13.30-16.30
24 April 2020 SoECAT Training Boardroom, CRNWM Offices, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Dr, Birmingham B15 2SQ 10.00-12.30
29 April 2020 Adverse Event & Safety Reporting Seminar Room, NNIHR/Wellcome Trust Birmingham CRF, old Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham B15 2TH 09.30-12.00
Archiving -A Workshop 13.00-15.00
30 April 2020 Protocol Design Boardroom, CRNWM Offices, Birmingham Research Park, Vincent Dr, Birmingham B15 2SQ 09.00-12.00

 

Benefiting from the ‘research effect’: The case for trusts supporting clinicians to become more research active and innovative

In November 2019, the Royal College of Physicians published a document entitled ‘Benefiting from the ‘research effect’: The case for trusts supporting clinicians to become more research active and innovative‘, suggesting a number of ways that NHS Trusts can support staff to become more research active, and how this will benefit both patients and staff.

It showed that involvement by staff in research can improve their morale, and can help the recruitment and retention of staff. One finding is that staff lack protected time to do research, and this reports suggests that this should be a key priority. Two-thirds of RCP members surveyed said they want to do more research.

Patient outcomes in Trusts that are more research-active are better, and CQC inspections include research activity in their remit. In addition, patients feel more valued by being involved in research, learn more about their treatment, and gain a sense of pride in helping others.

Research tends to be concentrated in certain areas such as the South East of England, or large urban areas. Smaller and rural hospitals must also be encouraged to become more research active and benefit from the research effect.

The report makes clear that research is more than clinical trials, and can include anything that provides new evidence, including robust service evaluation.

How do Shrewsbury and Telford Health Libraries support research?

The report suggests that it is it is ‘increasingly important to ensure that the clinical workforce is equipped to appraise and generate evidence’ (p. 11). We support the appraisal of evidence with the provision of critical appraisal training, which can be provided to groups of staff. We also signpost to resources such as the CASP critical appraisal checklists, or to PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. Our Knowledge Navigator tool provides advice on how to search for different types of research such as randomised controlled trials, observational studies and qualitative research.

Our librarians can also assist in creating systematic reviews, by designing and carrying out search strategies, providing advice on databases, or advising on where to publish. Recently, a systematic review was published that involved one our librarians, who was listed as a co-author. We can also carry out literature searches for other research.

We also attend the SaTH Research & Innovation committee, to advocate for library services and also gain a better understanding of the local issues. As part of our work with Research & Innovation, we manage a staff publications database, to track and promote local research publications, and these include conference abstracts, poster presentations and innovations such as those published on Fab NHS Stuff. Staff of SaTH can submit details of their own publications to the collection.

For 2020, we’re planning to introduce a course for nurses and midwives called ‘Research Ready’ that will include training on how to find and appraise the research literature, and the opportunity to discuss and reflect on a journal article as a way of gaining hours for revalidation. We’re also looking to run some timetabled training on critical appraisal that will include a look at how to interpret the statistics in a research paper. Keep an eye out for further details in the New Year!

Sources of bias in health research

The Centre for Evidence Based Medicine at the University of Oxford has developed a catalogue of sources of bias that may affect health care evidence, and may need to be taken into account when performing a critical appraisal on a published piece of research.

Just a few of the examples include:

Allocation bias

Systematic difference in how participants are assigned to treatment and comparison groups in a clinical trial.

Hot stuff bias

When a topic is fashionable (‘hot’)  investigators may be less critical in their approach to their research, and investigators and editors may not be able to resist the temptation to publish the results.

Positive results bias

The tendency to submit, accept and publish positive results rather than non-significant or negative results.

Volunteer bias

Participants volunteering to take part in a study intrinsically have different characteristics from the general population of interest.

For more information, including ways to reduce possible bias when carrying out research, visit the Catalogue of Bias.

Searching for qualitative studies in CINAHL

Qualitative research can help to understand the human experience of health and illness, and is an important part of evidence-based healthcare. Qualitative research can use various methods, such as grounded theory, phenomenology, or focus groups.

However, it is not always easy to identify qualitative studies in the literature.

Work has been done to create search strategies to locate these studies in the CINAHL database (covering nursing and allied health) and these can help to reduce the potential number of references to review.

If you’re searching CINAHL using the NHS Healthcare Databases, this is an example strategy that can be copied and pasted into the search box:

exp ATTITUDE/ OR exp INTERVIEWS/ OR exp “QUALITATIVE STUDIES”/

Once the search is complete, carry out a search for your topic of interest, and then combine the searches together.

If you’re searching CINAHL using EBSCOHost (either via OmniSearch, or using Staffordshire University resources), the strategy to use is:

(MH “Attitude+”) OR (MH “Interviews+”) OR (MH “Qualitative Studies+”)

Copy and paste the strategy into the search box and run the search. Once the search is complete, carry out a search for your topic of interest, and then combine the searches together (you’ll need to visit the search history to combine searches).

These searches are fairly ‘sensitive’ and will pick up most articles that are qualitative research, but will include some that are not. However, they will vastly reduce the number of non-qualitative research articles in your results and make it easier to find qualitative research.